The body needs vitamins to help it perform at peak efficiency. There are two types of vitamins: water-soluble and fat-soluble. The water soluble vitamins are vitamin C and the B group. The fat-soluble vitamins are vitamins K, E, D and A. Every vitamin is responsible for maintaining certain aspects of a person’s health.
Water-soluble vitamins dissolve on contact with water, and can’t be stored in the body. Unused vitamins are expelled from the body via urine, so a new supply is required every day.
Fat-soluble vitamins get absorbed in the bloodstream and fat. The liver stores all the unused vitamins, and they are slowly released when needed.
Vitamin A performs numerous functions such as: promoting the healthy growth of cells, ensuring good eyesight, assisting with the healthy growth of a fetus and embryo, strengthening bones, teeth, mucus membranes and skin, boosting the immune system and speeding up the healing process of wounds.
Vitamin B is a complex group of eight vitamins that has huge health benefits, both individually and collectively. The components of this complex vitamin help reduce stress, ease depression and anxiety, help boost memory, ease PMS, decrease the risk of heart disease, boost a person’s energy levels, ease migraines, burn glucose and fat to increase energy levels, repair DNA, make serotonin and other neurotransmitters, and the list of benefits doesn’t stop here.
Vitamin C is an antioxidant that helps protect the body from free radicals and molecules that are unstable and can cause damage to a person’s DNA. This vitamin helps inhibit the signs of aging and helps to develop healthy tissues. It maintains and repairs bones, teeth and tissues. Vitamin C also makes collagen, a vital protein for the formation of blood vessels, ligaments, cartilage and skin.
Vitamin D is often called the “sunshine vitamin”, because the sun offers a great source of this vitamin. It can help reduce the risk of some types of cancer including: breast, colon, prostate, pancreas and skin cancers. It can protect against the flu, multiple sclerosis, heart disease, rickets and osteomalacia (weakened bones and muscles).
Vitamin D also helps control blood pressure, settle muscle spasms, decreases respiratory infections, combats depression and gives the blood vessels a protective lining, which helps reduce cardiovascular disease.
Vitamin E contains antioxidants which help boost the immune system, protect the body from free radicals, and help fight viral and bacterial infections. It also helps the body make a better use of vitamin K (also called the blood-clotting vitamin), and assists in the creating of healthy red blood cells.
Vitamin K helps the blood clot properly. It works with calcium to strengthen bones and reduce the risk of fractures. This vitamin works in tandem with vitamin D; if the body has a deficiency in either, then neither will work at peak efficiency. This vitamin is often called the “forgotten vitamin”, because its main benefits are frequently forgotten.
Conclusion. It is essential to have sufficient amounts of all vitamins in order to be healthy. If a person can’t get enough from their food, then supplements may be required, either in the short-term or long-term, to ensure optimum health. Don’t forget to ask your doctor before taking any supplements, though.