Type 2 diabetes can be dangerous, because it can cause a lot of problems for your health. Unlike some diseases that only affect one or two organs, diabetes can affect almost every organ and body part in some cases, and the symptoms are often unnoticed until the damage has been done.
By the time you have been diagnosed with diabetes, you may require medication and/or insulin injections to help counteract the effects it has created. You need to control your sugar levels and eat healthy foods in order to prevent high sugar readings, which can trigger even more problems if ignored.
Here are some of the complications that diabetes can cause. It is vital that you are aware of the symptoms, so that you can seek treatment as early as possible.
Diabetic retinopathy. This is where the retina of your eye is affected. You may see spots or your vision could become blurry. This means that there has been some damage to the arteries in the retina at the rear of your eye. Surgery may be able to correct the problem, but it is much better to avoid getting into this situation, of course.
You may suffer from peripheral neuropathy (nerve damage) and/or poor circulation. You may feel numbness and tingling in your hands, feet or toes. This happens because the messages aren’t getting through from your brain clearly enough, because some of the nerves are damaged. You may not register things you touch as being too hot or too cold, and you can hurt yourself as a result. You may also step on something and not feel it if you lose sensation in your feet.
Foot problems are a serious concern for diabetics. You can get ulcers that may even lead to leg amputation. Statistics show that 85% of amputations begin with ulcers. Every year in the US there are 88,000 amputations carried out that aren’t caused by injuries; 50-75% of the people in this group have diabetes.
Diabetics often have high blood pressure, high cholesterol and high levels of triglycerides. This increases the risk of heart disease. Diabetes can harden the arteries; it is a well known fact that many heart attacks and stroke victims have diabetes.
Diabetics are more prone to suffering from kidney damage. The filters within the kidneys get damaged easily, and then they start leaking protein into the urine. If this isn’t stopped, you can suffer from kidney failure and may need dialysis or even a transplant.
People who have diabetes are also in a higher risk category for contracting Alzheimer’s and dementia. The poor blood sugar control can affect the blood flow to the brain. Having too much insulin in your brain can cause inflammation, or not having enough can deprive your brain cells of vital glucose, which is responsible for energy.
If you notice any unusual symptoms, always consult your doctor. It is always better to prevent a problem from getting worse than to simply ignore it until it’s too late to do anything in order to correct the problem.